Theory of Change

SMART Reading empowers students across Oregon to read and succeed. With research as the foundation, SMART’s Theory of Change describes how two proven strategies lead to literacy success.

Results In

Access to Books

Each addition to a home library helps children get a little further in school. SMART students choose two books per month to keep, helping them build their personal libraries and become lifelong readers.

Children with access to 25 books at home will, on average, complete two more years of school than children from homes without any books at all.

Stat Sources: Jim Lindsay. Children’s Access to Print Materials and Education-Related Outcomes: Findings from a Meta-Analytic Review. Learning Point Associates & reading is Fundamental, 2010.

This Leads To

Reading Time

SMART students participate in one-on-one, high-interest, child-guided reading experiences with a trained volunteer.

Kids 4-5 years old gain six months of reading ability simply by being read to three to five times per week.

Stat Source: Proof of benefits of reading to children, The Sydney Morning Herald, March 2013.

This Leads To

Cultural Affirmation

SMART emphasizes providing books that mirror students’ identities and provide windows into other people, backgrounds and cultures.

This is particularly important for children of color, because only 13% of children’s books are written by or about people of color, yet reading materials that reflect children’s sociocultural experiences are proven to increase reading comprehension and language skills.

This Leads To


The logic is simple: when kids think reading is fun, they want to do it! SMART students choose the books that are interesting to them.

When asked which book they enjoyed most, 80% of students said that the most interesting book they had read that week was one they chose themselves.

Stat Source: Gambrell, L.B. (1996). Creating classroom cultures that foster reading motivation. The Reading Teacher, 50.

This Leads To


Reading motivation is linked with more time spent reading, increased reading comprehension, and self-confidence.

75%of SMART students improved toward reading motivation benchmarks after participating in the SMART program.

Stat Source: SMART Student Milestones, 2016

This Leads To

Positive Outcomes

This Leads To

An Oregon where all children can realize their full potential through reading.

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